In 2013, Cara Tierney made the decision to have a double mastectomy. The medical procedure and consequent cremation of their breast matter led Tierney to create Phantomtits.
As a trans person with cancer genes whose experience with the medical industry has been inadequate and inconsistent, Tierney believes the medical field is structured to uphold double standards that favour people who identify with the gender they were assigned at birthday, or cisgender people.
By way of their graphic novel, Tierney has turned their life story into a fantastical tale with a superhero twist using a medium of choice among young readers.
Phantomtits will be a three-issue graphic novel following their journey.
Back in 2010, Tierney attended the University of Ottawa to get their masters of fine arts.
The same year, Pascale Arpin, freelance artist and the future illustrator of Phantomtits, graduated from Carleton University.
The two have known each other for several years and met while working in the education department of the National Gallery of Canada.
In 2016, the two had a reunion at Tierney’s curatorial talk at the Carleton University Art Gallery, at which point Tierney came out as queer, changed their pronoun and underwent several surgeries.
Arpin had lived in Nunavut since the age of 21, developed a strong painting practice, and crossed the continent to learn traditional sign painting techniques.
“I had outlined a basic framework for the Phantomtits concept and was looking for an illustrator when Pascale walked back into my life,” said Tierney. “Without hesitation, and knowing the full well Pascale’s rare talent for illustration and visual conception, I pounced!”
The inspiration for Phantomtits came from Tierney’s isolation when coming to the realization of their trans identity. They didn’t have the language or concepts that allowed themselves to understand their gender identity.
“Once I started asking questions of myself and looking into trans health services, I quickly realized that the mainstream narrative about ‘transness’ was highly pathologized and anchored in a binary gender system,” said Tierney.
“In a way, all of my work tries to replicate that experience and create those openings for others,” said Tierney.
Arpin explains that Phantomtits has grown from “a comic book I was illustrating for Cara” into a true collaborative storytelling exercise.
Within the first volume the story goes from biographical to fantastical, creating a visual representation of some of Cara’s real-life events that take a turn to the magical side.
The first volume will lay the groundwork for a conversation about gender identity that will continue through volumes two and three.
Phantomtits will act as a reference point for those who may not be altogether familiar with certain aspects, words and concepts of trans experience.
“With a story that is rooted in reality, we have set out to create a premise that will allow us to mix Cara’s real, lived experiences with a fantastical imagined reality,” said Arpin.
Tierney states that society has the ability to converse about gender identity, but people from the LGBTTQ+ community are still having a hard time finding themselves with the right language and context that will provide them solace.
“When we were creating this work, one of the ideals we were aspiring to was seeing it as a text that could be taught in classrooms and a text that could be read by young and old alike,” said Tierney.
Phantomtits is described as entertaining and funny, offering an interesting storyline and introducing words and concepts without being heavy-handed. The content is delivered through an exquisitely drawn, humorous and captivating storyline.
With gender identity entering more into the mainstream media, Arpin hopes that Phantomtits will be another voice in that conversation.
“I hope that Phantomtits allows us to continue to do the work we love,” said Tierney. “The work of creatively inspiring expansive conversations around the playful nature of identity and the way we can all be superheroes in our everyday lives.”
The project is in its final stages and is gearing up to be launched. An upcoming release date is to come.